Publications

List of publications featuring SPAARC

  • Whybra P, Zwanenburg A, Andrearczyk V et al (2024) (2024) 'The Image Biomarker Standardization Initiative:Standardized Convolutional Filters for Reproducible Radiomics and Enhanced Clinical Insights', Radiology, https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.231319
    Key Findings: This work teams of researchers who developed radiomics software participated in a three-phase study to establish a standardized set of imaging filters. Standardizing convolutional filters that enhance specific structures and patterns in medical imaging enables reproducible radiomics analyses, improves consistency and reliability for enhanced clinical insights. Thirty-three reference filtered images and 323 reference feature values computed from filtered images were established to standardize radiomics analyses across various imaging modalities. This is anothe milestone in the field after the original IBSI paper published in 2020 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020191145.
  • Whybra P, Spezi E (2023) 'Sensitivity of standardised radiomics algorithms to mask generation across different software platforms', Scientific Reports, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-41475-w
    Key Findings: In this study we have interfaced SPAARC with several medical image processing software using their proprietary application programming interface (API). The study shows that even when working on the same dataset, mask and feature discrepancy occurs depending on the contour-to-mask conversion technique implemented in various medical imaging software. We also show that this can also affect patient clustering and radiomic-based modelling in multi-centre studies where a mix of mask generation software is used. We provide recommendations to negate this issue and facilitate reproducible and reliable radiomics.
  • Loi S, Mori M, Palumbo D, Crippa S, Palazzo G, Spezi E, Del Vecchio A, Falconi M, De Cobelli F & Fiorino C (2023) 'Limited impact of discretization/interpolation parameters on the predictive power of CT radiomic features in a surgical cohort of pancreatic cancer patients', La Radiologia Medica, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-023-01649-y
    Key Findings: In this work SPAARC was used to extract imaging features from 144 patients with pre-surgical high contrast Computed Tomography (CT) to investigate the variation of the discriminative power of CT radiomic features (RF) against image discretization/interpolation in predicting early distant relapses (EDR) in pancreatic cancer. We found that such discriminative power is relatively invariant against image interpolation/discretization within a large range of voxel sizes and binning.
  • Mori M, Deantoni C, Olivieri M, Spezi E, Chiara A, Baroni S, et al. (2023) 'External validation of an 18F-FDG-PET radiomic model predicting survival after radiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer', Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-022-06098-9
    Key Findings: In this work SPAARC was used to extract imaging features from 18F-FDG-PET of 100 oropharyngeal cancer patients (stage IV: 78/100). A previously published PET radiomic model for cancer-specific survival prediction was independently validated. Performances of the model were similar to the ones of using only the metabolic tumour volume with no improvement in prediction accuracy.
  • Mori M, Palumbo D, Muffatti F, Partelli S, Mushtaq J, Andreasi V, et al. (2022) 'Prediction of the Characteristics of Aggressiveness of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (PanNENs) Based on CT Radiomic Features', Eur Radiol, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-022-09351-9
    Key Findings: This work combined SPAARC radiomic features extracted from preoperative contrast-enhanced CT images and clinical-radiological features to predict before surgery the histological characteristics of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.
  • Whybra P (2021) 'Standardisation and Optimisation of Radiomic Techniques for the Identification of Robust Imaging Biomarkers in Oncology', PhD Thesis, Cardiff University, https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144441
    Key Findings: This work laid the foundation to the development of SPAARC. Results from this work significantly contributed to a large collaborative consensus benchmarking effort to address the need of standardisation in quantitative image analysis.
  • Palumbo D, Mori M, Prato F, Crippa S, Belfiori G, Reni M, et al. (2021) 'Prediction of Early Distant Recurrence in Upfront Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Multidisciplinary, Machine Learning-Based Approach', Cancers (Basel), https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13194938
    Key Findings: This work developed a preoperative model to accurately stratify upfront resectable pancreatic cancer patients according to the risk of early distant disease relapse after surgery. SPAARC based radiomic feature, combined with a biochemical marker and radiological finding was found to be significantly associated with early distant recurrence. The model allowed, in the studied cohort, the identification of patients at high risk for early distant disease relapse who would benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy instead of upfront surgery.
  • Zwanenburg A, Vallières M, Abdalah MA, Aerts HJWL, Andrearczyk V, Apte A, et al. (2020) 'The Image Biomarker Standardization Initiative: Standardized Quantitative Radiomics for High-Throughput Image-based Phenotyping', Radiology, https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020191145
  • Zhang C, Shi Z, Kalendralis P, Whybra P, Parkinson C, Berbee M, et al. (2020) 'Prediction of Lymph Node Metastases Oesophageal Adenocarcinoma Using Pre-treatment PET Radiomics of the Primary Tumour in Oesophageal Adenocarcinoma: an External Validation Study', Br J Radiol, https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20201042
    Key Findings: This international study attempted to externally validate a new prediction model for lymph node metastases from oesophageal adenocarcinoma using PET radiomics across two trials. Despite the finding of this work improved predictive performance in the development cohort, the models using SPAARC PET radiomics derived from the primary tumour were not fully replicated in an external validation cohort, demonstrating the challenges and the importance of performing and reporting on external validation studies in the field of radiomics.
  • Alsyed E, Smith R, Paisey S, Marshall C, Spezi E. (2020) 'A Self Organizing Map for Exploratory Analysis of PET Radiomic Features', IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, https://doi.org/10.1109/NSS/MIC42677.2020.9507846
    Key Findings: In this work we have shown that self-organizing maps can be successfully used for the selection of SPAARC generated radiomic features extracted from pre-clinical PET-CT images of mammary carcinoma obtained with varying post injection imaging time and tumour size.
  • Mori M, Passoni P, Incerti E, Bettinardi V, Broggi S, Reni M, et al. (2020) 'Training and Validation of a Robust PET Radiomic-based Index to Predict Distant-relapse-free-survival after Radio-chemotherapy for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer', Radiother Oncol, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2020.07.003
    Key Findings: In this single-centre study SPAARC was used to extract radiomic features from pre-radiotherapy PET scans of a large database of pancreatic patients treated with radio-chemotherapy. Radiomic features were pre-selected based on robustness and their power in predicting Distant Relapse Free Survival (DRFS) was tested. A radiomic-based index including two robust PET-based radiomic features predicted DRFS of Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer patients after radio-chemotherapy. The addition of clinical factors did not significantly improve the performance of the model.
  • Whybra P, Parkinson C, Foley K, Staffurth J, Spezi E. (2019) 'Assessing Radiomic Feature Robustness to Interpolation in (18)F-FDG PET Imaging', Sci Rep, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46030-0
    Key Findings: In this work we used SPAARC to assess the stability of radiomic features to interpolation processing using a large database of (18F-FDG) PET images for oesophageal cancer patients. We categorised features based on stable, systematic, or unstable responses. We developed a correction technique for features with potential systematic variation. We demonstrated that although the choice of interpolation algorithm alone (e.g. spline vs trilinear) resulted in large variation in values for a number of features, the response categorisations remained constant.
  • Piazzese C, Foley K, Whybra P, Hurt C, Crosby T, Spezi E. (2019) 'Discovery of Stable and Prognostic CT-based Radiomic Features Independent of Contrast Administration and Dimensionality in Oesophageal Cancer', PLoS One, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225550
    Key Findings: In this work we used SPAARC to compute a total of 238 2D and 3D radiomic features from a databse of 213 oesophageal imaging data including contrast and non-contrast enhanced planning CT scans. We identified one radiomic feature (zone distance varianceGLDZM) as significantly associated with overall survival independent of dimensionality and contrast administration. This feature was able to identify high-risk patients and could be the subject of a future clinical trial aiming to improve clinical decision making and personalise OC treatment.